Jiajia makes a 10-sided willow planter pt. 2

Where we left off: We drew a full scale model of the planter and calculated the angles at which the 10 pieces will fit together (math!). We also milled the wood so that we would have smooth planks to cut the pieces out of. 

Next! We take the planks and use a table saw to rip them (cut along the grain) to the width the planter pieces will be. 

My first time using a table saw. Look at how my pinky finger's trying to separate from the rest of my hand.

My first time using a table saw. Look at how my pinky finger's trying to separate from the rest of my hand.

Next up we rip the angles (which we calculated earlier) into the wooden planks, by tilting the saw head on the table saw to the desired angle. 

True story - the first time I heard the words "table" and "saw" together I thought it was a classy saw you could use at the table, rather than a table with a rotating saw in the middle of it. I can't believe I'm allowed in a wood shop either...

Now we have a bunch of planks cut to the right width and angle. 

Almost there!

Almost there!

Time for a test to see if the pieces will actually fit together. We take one plank and cut it into ten small pieces and roll it up! 

Success!

Success!

Since everything's look good, we go ahead and cut the pieces to length with the table saw. Then we cut a dado, or groove, into each of the ten planter sides. The planter base will rest in the dado.

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Time to make the base! We make a template of the planter base, taking into consideration the depth of the dado. Then we trace it onto a piece of plywood, which then gets cut out with a bandsaw. 

What a nice decagon (thanks geometry class!). 

What a nice decagon (thanks geometry class!). 

Now that we have all the pieces, we can finally begin putting it all together. First we tape the outer surface of the planter sides together, so that all the sides are attached to each other in a line. Then we dampen the inner surface with a sponge. Wood has a tendency to become a bit rougher after it gets wet for the first time, because the grain raises with moisture. So, we want to prevent it from getting rough later by dampening it now and then sanding it smooth. 

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After the inner surface has dried, it's time for the roll-up! We put wood glue between the long side of each planter side, insert the base into the dado of the first piece and start to roll the whole thing up! 

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Now we're ready to add a bevel to the top and bottom of the planter, for extra fanciness. We go back to the table saw, set it up to cut the planter at just the right angle, and then guide each side through, rolling the planter as you go. 

Left: Bevelling each planter side on the top & bottom   Right: The planter in all its beveled glory! 

Left: Bevelling each planter side on the top & bottom   Right: The planter in all its beveled glory! 

Time for sanding! We use an orbital sander to sand the outside of the planter and sandpaper on the inside.

This is me using an orbital sander. Everything looks fine right?           WRONG! This is my hand after using the orbital sander

This is me using an orbital sander. Everything looks fine right?           WRONG! This is my hand after using the orbital sander

FINAL STEP! Add a layer of hard wax oil finish.

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And there you have it folks! Proof that even a hamster-pawed, machine-phobic, clumsy novice like myself can, through the careful guidance of Junction Workshop's patient and lovely instructors, create a beautiful 10-sided flower planter. 

I'll never get tired of telling people, "I made that."

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Sign up for the planter class and others here.

Jiajia makes a 10-sided willow planter pt. 1

In which I revisit middle school geometry, design and draw a full-scale model, and learn that milling rough lumber takes FIVE different machines. 

For my first project, Carey wanted to test run the new 10-sided willow planter course. When she told me I immediately thought: "10 sides is too many sides." How does one cut 10 pieces of wood so precisely that they fit together to form a perfect geometric plant home? I will tell you how, because spoiler alert - I did it and you can too! 

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The studio

Where all my woodworking adventures take place. It is bright. It is airy. Sometimes there are dogs. There is always the scent of sawdust in the air. I'm proud to say that by the end of the project, I reached an acceptable level of competency on nearly all machines in the photo above (and some that aren't!). 

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Step 1: I am reacquainted with the compass and introduced to the cast iron protractor head (essentially a protractor fitted with a ruler that lets you draw straight lines at precise angles). We start drawing the full-scale model on a piece of particle board after deciding on the circumference of our planter.

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Step 2: We do math (!) to figure out the angles for the 10 sides of the planter as well as the width of the pieces. Not pictured - my attempting to do math face while Carey actually does all the math.       

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Step 3: We turn this...

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Into this.

This alchemy is called milling, the process of creating smooth wooden planks from raw lumber, and it requires no fewer than 5 different machines. 

First the band saw and radial arm saw are used to do a rough rip (cut along the grain) and cross cut (across the grain) of the board.

First the band saw and radial arm saw are used to do a rough rip (cut along the grain) and cross cut (across the grain) of the board.

Then the jointer is used to flatten one face of the board and give one side a 90 degree angle to that face.

Then the jointer is used to flatten one face of the board and give one side a 90 degree angle to that face.

A planer is used to flatten the other side.

A planer is used to flatten the other side.

Finally, a thickness sander is used to get the board to the right thickness and to make it extra smoooooth. 

Finally, a thickness sander is used to get the board to the right thickness and to make it extra smoooooth. 

All that milling calls for a pup break. (Meet Loup and Dolly! Photo courtesy of Simon Ford.)

All that milling calls for a pup break. (Meet Loup and Dolly! Photo courtesy of Simon Ford.)

Stay tuned for pt. 2, where we cut the planks into actual planter pieces and start putting things together! The last part is very satisfying. You really won't want to miss it.

Sign up for the willow planter course here.

An interview with Carey Jernigan - Woodworker and artist

“I still feel close to that thrilling moment when you suddenly see the world as full of things that somebody made.”

Carey talking about wood grain and movement in the step stool class.

Carey talking about wood grain and movement in the step stool class.

Carey Jernigan, one of the founders of the Junction Workshop, came to woodworking from an unexpected place: environmental sciences. While pursuing an academic career in ecology in Halifax she took some time away to re-evaluate and found herself turning towards art. She discovered that art was a way to look at life in a different way and started making things, sometimes with wood.

Something about the contrasting demands of woodworking, how it requires both strength and care, appealed to Carey. When she moved to Toronto she found herself peering into the wood shops in the west end and eventually started going into the shops and inquiring if anyone would hire someone without experience. It was then that she met Heidi who took a risk and took her on as an apprentice. That was five years ago and now Carey is a talented woodworker and furniture maker in her own right.

She is also an artist and incorporates woodworking into her art practice. One of her favourite pieces is a wooden gear pattern that was based on historic wooden patterns that are used in foundries (a factory or workshop that produces metal castings for industrial machinery) as moulds for sand casting. These wooden patterns are used to make an impression in wet sand, then they are removed and hot iron (or another metal) is poured into the impression to make a machine part. *light bulb moment - that pebbly texture on some metal things = sand!*

I spoke to Carey about what she loves about woodworking, her passion for sharing her craft with others, and her favourite piece.

Do you think your initial interest in environmental sciences informs your woodworking?

I definitely think so. It made me relate to objects as things that ideally should be lasting. Wooden furniture is one of those things. If made well it can really serve a purpose for a long time. In environment sciences, you see this kind of disposable culture and get quite concerned about fossil fuels and plastics, for me the history of woodworking and the longevity of wooden things were a kind of comfort.

What do you like most about woodworking?

Compared to other things I’ve done, it’s been the one that in the moment has been the most selfishly pleasurable. I like the mix of the physical challenge of it, a sweaty work day is good for the soul, and the mental challenge, things have to fit just right, so there’s a lot of thinking and planning behind each piece.

What’s interesting about working on Heidi’s furniture designs is that we spend a lot of time working on things that are buried within and invisible. There’s a lot in the work that you don’t see. The idea behind all of those steps is that they carry through into the final object in ways that the client might not see, but might “feel”: a sort of visceral sense of the object being carefully made.  Some of it is also structural. If you do things a certain way it’s just going to last.

What inspired you to start Junction Workshop? How does it feel to go from learning woodworking from Heidi to teaching it?

 As someone who learned woodworking fairly recently, I still feel close to that thrilling moment when you suddenly see the world as full of things that somebody made. When I started Junction Workshop the joy and empowerment of suddenly being able to make the things that I saw around me or understand how they were made was still fresh. Teaching has really been a way of sharing that joy with others. It is so much fun for me to see other people discover the pleasures of woodworking for the first time.

Junction Workshop has also been a way for me to share this world that I had gotten into with friends and a broader community. There’s also a reverse sharing that happens in these classes too, especially in the longer courses, you have time to chat while you’re working and suddenly you’re talking to a software developer, or an academic, or a lawyer. It’s interesting for us to get a peek at other people’s lives too.

What’s your favourite piece that you’ve made?

My favourite piece with Heidi was the Hathaway dresser, which she probably got me attached to by letting me name it. It’s a 12 drawer dresser that I made near the end of my time with Heidi. It looks simple but it had so many pieces that had to go together just right – there was a lot of intricate joinery on the inside and outside. I made the dresser near the end of the five years that we were working together, so it was really a culmination of everything that I had learned.

An interview with Heidi Earnshaw - furniture maker and designer

There’s history in the way certain pieces of wood are joined together.“

Heidi and Loup

Heidi and Loup

Heidi Earnshaw, one of the founders of Junction Workshop, works by day as one of Canada’s most celebrated and prolific furniture makers. You’ll find her pieces in the Canadian High Commission in London, but also in the cozy living room of your friend with impeccable taste. Her designs are modern, with clean lines and a simple aesthetic. The character and the warmth of the pieces lie in the details: an elegant dovetail joint, the subtle shaping on a leg, or the way everything seems to sit at just the right height.

Heidi keeps one foot in history and another in the present. While her designs are notably modern, she is inspired by tradition. Many of her designs nod to historical detailing, but pare it down to its basic elements. She also does all her technical drawings by hand. You can often find her drawing precise lines in soft pencil with the help of stainless steel rulers in cast iron protractor heads. Doing things the traditional way is time-consuming. She often spends over a month on one item, gradually building the piece from an idea to an object that can be passed down for generations. As she painstakingly puts her pieces together one careful step at a time, her dog Loup stands sentry over the workshop, greeting visitors with sawdust speckling her dense fur.

I talked to Heidi about her passion for woodworking, her hopes for Junction Workshop, and why she thinks more and more people are getting interested in woodworking.

What do you love about woodworking?

I love working with my hands and the mental focus that woodworking requires. I’m a detailed person and I like that woodworking requires a lot of careful attention and deliberate actions. I also love being in the studio, in comfortable clothes covered in sawdust, surrounded by other artists and woodworkers. Woodworking is in some ways a lifestyle as well as a job. You join a close community and you have to work hard and work long hours.

What do you find most challenging about woodworking?

Being a woodworker means being a small business owner. We don’t just come in and start working with tools and wood. There’s a lot more administration than people think and it can be hard to escape sitting in front of a computer. From managing clients, to design work, to banking, to bookkeeping, to talking to suppliers and getting materials in, all of that is done in front of a screen. That’s the stuff I find most difficult.

Why do you think there’s so much enthusiasm for these courses?

I think it’s because people crave doing something tangible in real time. I think what’s appealing is that it’s connected back to something, that it’s part of long tradition. There is history in the way 2 pieces of wood are joined together. These skills and methods were developed collectively by humans over thousands of years. It’s powerful to realize that you’re working with the same techniques and that those techniques are still valuable.

What are your aspirations for Junction Workshop?

In the immediate future we are preparing for new classes in the fall but in addition to that I hope we’ll do more community based work. It is our goal that we can offer classes to people who would otherwise not be able to afford them. We’d also be interested in engaging in projects where we build something collectively that goes to a community centre or social service agency - projects that can serve the needs of marginalized communities.

More than anything we hope to keep Junction Workshop going so that more people can continue to have exposure to this traditional way of working and to the pleasures of making things. It really is energizing and inspiring to teach students who are so wholeheartedly interested in the process and amazed by what they are able to accomplish with their own hands.

With rising rents, light-industrial spaces that can accommodate workshops like ours are disappearing in Toronto. Several studios in the building next to ours just closed, unmooring artists who have been there for years. There is so much value in keeping these creative and productive studios in the city, where we are accessible to the wider community.

Introducing Jiajia and a new blog

Hi! I’m Jiajia. Most days I work in communications at a non-profit based in Toronto. I write press releases, get tangled in hashtags, and generally don’t stray very far from my laptop. When my friend Carey, one of Junction Workshop’s founders, proposed a skill share where I support communications at Junction and in return get some one on one training in woodworking, I jumped at the opportunity.

Heidi and Jiajia (right) laughing it up during an interview.

Heidi and Jiajia (right) laughing it up during an interview.

I love working in communications, every day is different and things move fast, but like lots of office workers I miss the feeling of creating something that I can hold in my hands. A lot of what I do is fleeting and abstract, tucked in digital folders suspended in an amorphous “cloud”.

Words have always been my medium of choice, not wood. But I was drawn to woodworking and Junction Workshop precisely because it’s completely different from what I’m used to. I’ve never really worked with my hands and I’m curious how I’ll navigate a space full of loud machines, fast moving blades, and rough planks of wood. Will I emerge, triumphant, from a cloud of sawdust? Maybe? Maybe not.   

So, for the next few months I’ll be familiarizing myself with all aspects of woodworking, from drawing up designs and milling wood (the process of creating smooth wood planks from raw lumber), to sanding and finishing. At the same time, I’m going to get to know the Junction Workshop community and meet the people who make it so special.

I’ll be sharing my experience through this blog, so check back frequently for interviews, photo essays, and articles on Junction workshop and follow me as I explore woodworking one sliver at a time.

These hands are made for typing. My first woodworking injury – a bruised thumb from flipping a switch on a table saw...

These hands are made for typing. My first woodworking injury – a bruised thumb from flipping a switch on a table saw...